Bakhtiaris are the southwestern tribe of Iran and probably one of the biggest ones. They mostly inhabit Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Khuzestan, Lorestan, Bushehr and Isfahan Province. But they are considered as Lur people.
Today, the remaining nomads of Bakhtiari no longer make daylong hikes to their summer pastures. They carry their stuff and flocks with truck instead of horses. In spring time, they head to Zard-Kuh, which is a part of Zagros Mountain Range and it is the cooler pasture. In winter they move to foothills of Khuzestan. Despite all the difficulties of seasonal migration it is necessary due to draught and cold snow.
Their culture completely depends on their migration. They breed goats and sheep. They use the wool and leather for their weavings. The use the milk to provide dairy and they sell the lambs for slaughter. The principal handicraft of Bakhtiaris is weaving, on horizontal looms with single rows of warp-threads or on looms. This activity is done by women.
Both men and women work every day. While men are busy on the farm and flocks, women bake bread, milk the goats, and take care of all other household needs.
Since they move all the time, the less they own the easier it is to move. But the quality and beauty of their livestock is unique and high quality. Men wear a wool black hat, baggy trousers and a coat with black and white stripes, Chogha. Women wear long skirts and scarves usually detailed with stitching, coins or other gold and silver objects.